Botanical Name : Verbascum thapsus Energetics : cooling, moistening Major Properties : Demulcent, relaxant Examples of Uses: soothe lung irritation from irritants such as smoke, for a cough that is dry, irritating and unproductive, for a cough so deep that the rib pops out - spray of tincture may move rib back into place! Parts Used : Leaves of 1st year basal rosette. Mullein is a biennial and doesn't shoot up a stalk until second year. Preparations Tincture Oil - I don't make an oil, but other herbalists use it Dry - use for tea How to Make Mullein Tea Steep 1-2 tsp of dried leaves and flowers in 1 cup of boiling water, covered, for 10 minutes (or more). Drain the tea through a coffee filter to remove the fine hairs. Inhale the steam while sipping your tea to also help to relieve congestion. Check out this tasty Mullein Chai Recipe in my blog Traditional Uses Mullein has been traditionally used for respiratory diseases due to its soothing topical effects, mainly due to its expectorant properties that helps in loosening phlegm and relieving chest congestion. Many herbalists use mullein for asthma, tuberculosis and pneumonia. Many studies have shown mullein to kill viruses when it comes in contact with them in test tubes. For a very extensive monograph, check out Herbs with Rosalee . Personal Observations : Tea of dried leaf useful for lung/respiratory issues where need moistening and soothing. Would be good for firefighters to drink regularly. Has been shown to be useful after a bout of RSV, pneumonia, other lung maladies where lungs can use a little extra loving care. Close friend who had ribs pop out regularly drank mullein infusion almost daily for 3 months. The issue was resolved completely! I have found it very useful for back pain and/or issues with spinal alignment. Can also help to moisten dry joints (lacking synovial lubrication. My family uses it mostly for moistening lungs, relieving some coughs, general lung support This brief overview merely highlights my observations. There is, of course, a great deal of information that you can find on the Internet or in books. Or better yet - get together with other herbalists and share your experiences! Please add your own experiences so that together we can create a more comprehensive overview. As always, if you have a chronic ailment that is not resolving itself or an acute issue, seek the attention of your physician.